Croatian Literature of the Middle Ages
Code: 45641
ECTS: 5.0
Lecturers in charge: prof. dr. sc. Viktoria Franić Tomić
Lecturers: prof. dr. sc. Viktoria Franić Tomić - Seminar
Take exam: Studomat
English level:


All teaching activities will be held in Croatian. However, foreign students in mixed groups will have the opportunity to attend additional office hours with the lecturer and teaching assistants in English to help master the course materials. Additionally, the lecturer will refer foreign students to the corresponding literature in English, as well as give them the possibility of taking the associated exams in English.

1. komponenta

Lecture typeTotal
Lectures 15
Seminar 15
* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
AThe Course on Croatian medieval literature deals with basic issues associated with the latest developments in the knowledge on this crucial epoch of European history. The process of learning is based on the individual analysis of both literary and non-literary sources, strictly liturgical and also of fiction prose writings and historic and legislative documents. The studying of the medieval epoch is connected with the status of intellectuals in that time and also on the concept of the ideas that they had of the world.The students will become acquainted with the methodological problems of contemporary medievalism and trained for critical application of different approaches to Croatian texts of the Middle Ages, as it will improve their understanding of the European context of Croatian culture at that time, especially in relation with other European cultures. Students will study some of the basic concepts of everyday life in medieval time, they will learn about the marriage and children, love and war, about the concept of hell, purgatory and heaven, of death and of traveling to distant lands. Course objectives include: mastering the fundamental questions that are connected with the literature of that time as well as they will acquire knowledge of the architecture and music, painting and science in that time. Students will be trained to independently interpret and analyze texts from Croatian Middle Ages. Using examples from the Croatian medieval literature they will be trained to reach sovereign command of the Croatian identity during this period. At each level of instruction, students will be educated to understand the time of the dissolution of the Roman Empire and to the discovery complexity, richness and diversity that was possessed by various classes of medieval men.

1. Gottschalk on the court of Trpimir and the beginnings of Croatian literacy. Insight into the activity of the Benedictines at the time of the first Croatian national rulers. Aquileia and its significance in the cultural history of the Croats.
2. Lucidar and medieval system of education compared with the humanist of XIV. and XV century. A university life in the Middle Ages. Dominican University of Zadar. Herman Dalmatian and his contribution to the intellectual exchange between Islam and the Western civilization.
3. Physiologist and the medieval literature about animals. Novel about the fox and its poetics. The medieval bestiary in Croatian visual culture. St. Francis and animals.
4. Marco Polo and his travels in Asia described in the book Il Millione. Pilgrimage as a form of medieval life. Communications in the Middle Ages. Culinary habits in the Middle Ages.
5. Toma Archdeacon and his Chronicle. The question of literary genres and their nonexistence in the Middle Ages. Analysis of the legal text from the Codex of Korčula with an insight into the relationship of reality and fiction in the literary culture of the time. The Croatian legal writings and statute if the towns.
6. Prezbiter of Duklja and his Chronicle. Genesis of the addition called Croatian chronicle and its narrative about the king Zvonimir. The legend of the origin of Dubrovnik and its resonance in William Shakespeare s Tempest. City chronicles and narratives about patron saints of Croatian cities.
7. Analysis of poetry from the Paris collections of Croatian medieval lyrics. Jacopone da Todi writer of lauds and verses against rich and immoral church. Criticism of reality in contemporary poetry. The fragment from Krleža s Ballads of Petrica Kerempuh and some medieval texts. The concept of Hell in the Middle Ages.
8. European literature and philosophy of the Middle Ages and its main protagonists. Abelard and Heloisa. Roman de la rose. The concept of love in the European Middle Ages. Bogomilism. Crusades as a literary theme and literary laboratory of troubadours.
9. Places and subjects of the cultural production in the Middle Ages and the instruments of its expansion. Difference between manuscripts and printed books. Umberto Eco s novel The Name of the Rose as a source for the study of medieval spirituality. From Orpheus to the Good Shepherd and to the Christ. The idea of traveling to the world of death and to the Hell.
10. Representation of reality and everyday life in the Middle Ages. The experience of space and time and their real and unreal borders. The concept of India. General view to the medieval literature, its forms and themes and the main spiritual and philosophical influences that shaped it. Allegorizes and its examples in the works of medieval authors.
11. Dramaturgy of medieval theater. The question of "evolution" of the theatrical forms. Zagreb Missale antiquissimum. The critique of evolutionism and ritualist views to medieval theater. From Planctus to the Passion. Alternative theater of medieval. Carnevalisation.
12. The high mediaeval period or the autumn of medieval. Cyclical presentation of Jesus Christ and its Croatian version. The Passion of St. Margaret as the highest level in the development of Croatian medieval drama in the wake of humanism. Question of Marulić s dramatic authorship.
13. Croatian medieval prose and its diachronic overview. The principles of medieval storytelling. The process of canonization as an ideal sample of inventing the narrative literature on saints. Prose from Dubrovnik legends. A novel about Troy. A novel on Alexander the Great.
14. The graveyard medieval lyric, Relationship to death in the Middle Ages. The treatment of children in the Middle Ages. Apocalypse as a literary genre. Death in the fine arts. Confraternity as accompaniment to the graveyard and their poetry.
15. What is of contemporary interest in the book Johan Huizinga s book Autumn of the Middle Ages. The overview at the contribution to medieval culture, spirituality and literature by the group of French analysts. Contribution of Radoslav Katičić to the knowledge of the Croatian medieval literature and education.
Learning outcomes:
  1. , Eduard Hercigonja; Tropismena i trojezična kultura hrvatskoga srednjovjekovlja; Matica hrvatska, Zagreb (1994), , , .
  2. , Dunja Fališevac; Hrvatska srednjovjekovna proza:književnopovijesne i poetičke osobine, Zagreb, 1980.; Hrvatsko filološko društvo (1980), , , .
  3. , Radoslav Katičić; Litterarum studia - Književnost i naobrazba ranoga hrvatskog srednjovjekovlja; Matica hrvatska, Zagreb (1998), , , .
  4. , Slobodan Prosperov Novak,; Povijest hrvatske književnosti. Od početaka do Krbavske bitke 1493, sv. I, Antibarbarus, Zagreb, 1996.; Antibarbarus (1996), , , .
  5. , Robert Ernst Curtius; Europska književnost i latinsko srednjovjekovlje, preveo S. Markuš, Zagreb, 1998.; Naprijed (1998), , , .
Optional literature:
  1. , Urednici:Vesna Badurina Stipčević i Ana Marija Durigl; Hrvatska srednjovjekovna proza, I-II, Stoljeća hrvatske književnosti, sv. 115-116, Zagreb, 2013. (hrestomatija s tekstovima); Matica hrvaska (2013), , , .
  2. , Amir Kapetanović, Dragica Malić i Kristina Štrkalj Despot; Hrvatsko srednjovjekovno pjesništvo. Pjesme, plačevi i prikazanja na hrvatskom jeziku, Zagreb, 2010. (hrestomatija s tekstovima); , Institut za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje (2010), , , .
  3. , Urednici: Vjekoslav Štefanić i suradnici; Hrvatska književnost srednjega vijeka, Pet stoljeća hrvatske književnosti, sv. 1, Matica hrvatska, Zora, Zagreb, 1969.; Matica hrvatska (1969), , , .
  4. , Uredinik: Anđelko Badurina; Leksikon ikonografije, liturgike i simbolike zapadnog kršćanstva, Zagreb, 1990.; Kršćanska sadašnjost (1990), , , .
  5. , Tomislav Raukar; Hrvatsko srednjovjekovlje: prostor, ljudi, ideje, Zagreb, 1997.; Školska knjiga (1997), , , .
  6. , Tomislav Raukar i Neven Budak; Hrvatska povijest srednjeg vijeka, Zagreb, 2006.; Školska knjiga (2006), , , .
  7. , Jacques Le Goff; Srednjovjekovni imaginarij, prevela M. Svetl, Izdanja Antibarbarus, Zagreb, 1993.; Antibarbarus (1993), , , .
  8. , Jacques Le Goff; Civilizacija srednjovjekovnog Zapada, prevela Gordana V. Popović; pogovor Igor Fisković, Zagreb, 1998.; Goldenmarketing (1998), , , .
  9. , Jacques Le Goff; Intelektualci u srednjem vijeku, prevela M. Vekarić, Zagreb, 2009.; Naklada Jesenski i Turk (2009), , , .
  10. , Johan Huizinga; Jesen srednjeg vijeka, preveo D. Perković, Zagreb, 1991.; Naprijed (1991), , , .
1. semester
Mandatory course - Regular studij - Croatology
Consultations schedule:


Hrvatski studiji Sveučilišta u Zagrebu pokrenuti su i ustrojeni 16. studenoga 1992., isprva samo kao dvosemestralni Sveučilišni komparativni studij hrvatske filozofije i društva. Taj je program potom preoblikovan u program redovitog četverogodišnjeg studija.

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